Nature & Awareness

Astronauts From Space Captured Threatening Hurricane Florence Towards US

Back in time hurricanes and storms being dangerous cause huge disastrous effects on environment but still the situations can be recovered through major steps. But what would happen if we found something that is not a single piece of such disaster rather they are combined to put you probably in major collapse.

Gone this time those category 3 storms that were considered to be most dangerous one . Now, Hurricane Florence increased to Category 4 storm with maximum sustained winds of 130 mph Monday as it makes its way toward North Carolina and South Carolina.The storm was expected to strengthen and is “expected to be an extremely dangerous major hurricane through Thursday” as it continues westward across the Atlantic, the National Hurricane Center (NHC) said.

Yes That’s true !

Warm Atlantic Ocean waters are adding to Florence’s strength, and computer models predict that the storm will make landfall Thursday in North Carolina or South Carolina as a major hurricane. Its impacts may be felt much deeper in the US, including in most of Virginia.

“Today is the day to get prepared all along the East Coast!” the National Weather Service tweeted on Monday morning. “Don’t get complacent just because you live inland! Florence is forecast to bring devastating rainfall and flooding from the coast to the Appalachians.”

Also Hurricane Florence is not alone in the Atlantic Ocean, as astronauts aboard the International Space Station (ISS) saw first-hand on Monday morning: hurricanes Isaac and Helene are trailing behind Florence, making for a looming trio of cyclonic storms.

Here is how hurricane categories are measured-

The Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale (SSHWS), formerly the Saffir–Simpson hurricane scale (SSHS), classifies hurricanes – Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of tropical depressions and tropical storms – into five categories distinguished by the intensities of their sustained winds.

To be classified as a hurricane, a tropical cyclone must have maximum sustained winds of at least 74 mph (33 m/s; 64 kn; 119 km/h) (Category 1). The highest classification in the scale, Category 5, consists of storms with sustained winds exceeding 156 mph (70 m/s; 136 kn; 251 km/h).

About Category 4

Category 4 hurricanes tend to produce more extensive curtainwall failures, with some complete structural failure on small residences. Heavy, irreparable damage and near complete destruction of gas station canopies and other wide span overhang type structures are common. Mobile and manufactured homes are often flattened. Most trees, except for the heartiest, are uprooted or snapped, isolating many areas. These storms cause extensive beach erosion, while terrain may be flooded far inland. Total and long-lived electrical and water losses are to be expected, possibly for many weeks.[5]

The 1900 Galveston hurricane, the deadliest natural disaster to hit the United States, peaked at an intensity that corresponds to a modern-day Category 4 storm. Other examples of storms that peaked at Category 4 intensity, and made landfall at that intensity include: Hazel (1954), Gracie (1959), Flora (1963), Cleo (1964), Betsy (1965), Frederic (1979), Joan (1988), Iniki (1992), Luis (1995), Iris (2001), Charley (2004), Dennis (2005), Gustav (2008), Ike (2008), Joaquin (2015), and Harvey (2017).

Also we look at the fact how those hurricanes and storms look from space as captured by International Space Station –



Those 3 major hurricanes are here to looked upon –

Hurricane Isaac

This storm is lined up behind Florence in the Atlantic.
“Isaac is a small hurricane,” the National Hurricane Center reported Monday at 5 p.m. ET. “Weakening is forecast to begin by the middle of the week as Isaac approaches the Lesser Antilles.”
Winds of tropical storm force could reach Puerto Rico on Thursday evening. Tropical storms generate winds between 39 and 73 mph, just below hurricane force.
No coastal watches or warnings were in effect as of Monday afternoon.

Hurricane Helene

Still closer to Africa than North America, Helen is predicted to head north in the Atlantic and not make landfall, the center says.
Sustained winds were at 105 mph. “Some strengthening is possible during the next 12 to 24 hours, but gradual weakening should begin thereafter,” the hurricane center said.

Tropical Storm Olivia

Over in the Pacific, this storm is still moving toward Hawaii, where tropical storm warnings and watches have been issued, the hurricane center said.
A tropical storm warning means that tropical storm conditions are expected somewhere in the warning area within 36 hours, and a watch within 48 hours.
Maximum sustained winds were about 70 mph Monday afternoon and the storm was downgraded from a Category 1 hurricane, the hurricane center said.
“Please keep in mind that the difference between a Cat 1 and a TS is only 5mph!” the National Weather Service office in Honolulu said. “The threat of damaging winds, flooding rain, high surf, and storm surge still remains. No change to watches/warnings. Don’t let your guards down!”
Gradual weakening is expected as Olivia continues to approach the main Hawaiian islands.
Large swells could be generated and cause damage in some parts of the state, which survived brushes with hurricanes Hector and Lane in recent weeks. Olivia is expected to produce total rainfall accumulations of 10 to 15 inches.
Gov. David Ige signed an emergency proclamation that will provide relief for disaster damages, losses and suffering and “to protect the health, safety and welfare of the people” as Olivia approaches.

Considering their approach and movement it’s quite enough for the people near them to prepare themselves so that these storms would not damage atleast their properties and life . Let’s see what other major major steps authorities would take to minimize the cause.

SOURCE – BusinessInsider

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