Cosmos & Outer Space

Elon Musk And SpaceX Are Making A Monster Rocket To Reach Mars

Elon Musk has been indulged in the space world for the long time and also created various projects and missions in accordance with his company SpaceX to find what was hidden in the space. No this time he is looking mars as his new destination and for that he is looking forward to make some thing big.

Elon Musk’s aerospace company, SpaceX, is building a gigantic rocketship to reach Mars.The Big Falcon Rocket, or BFR, will use a fully reusable booster and a fully reusable spaceshipIn SpaceX’s “final’ design, the two-part launch system stands about 387 feet tall and 30 feet in diameter. We created a interactive size comparison tool to show how big a real-life BFR might be.

Elon Musk’s rocket company, SpaceX, is working on something big – really big.

The Big Falcon Rocket, or BFR, is an unprecedented launch system designed to rocket up to 100 people and 150 tons of food, water, and other supplies to the surface of Mars. The end goal: colonize the red planetand back up the human race.

Musk revealed what he described as the final BFR design in September. It’s made of two giant stages: a fully reusable rocket booster on the bottom, and a fully reusable spaceship on top. The first crewed mission is penciled in for 2023 and is expected to blast a Japanese billionaire and a group of artists around the moon.

Below is the illustration that will approximately signifies what the size it comprises and how big it is !

Overall, the BFR is a combination of a giant rocket booster and a massive cargo spaceship, called the Big Falcon Spaceship (BFS), which can hold up to 100 passengers comfortably. Both pieces are meant to do powered landings, meaning they use their engines to lower down the surface of Earth — or other worlds. It’s akin to how SpaceX lands its Falcon 9 rockets right now. And Musk says the vehicle could go all over the Solar System.

“If you have propellant depot on Mars, you’ll be able to get from Mars to the asteroid belt to the moons of Jupiter and kind of like a planet moon-hop all the way to the outer Solar System,” he said. “BFR is intended as an interplanetary transport system capable of getting from Earth to anywhere in the Solar System.”

usk unveiled the first concrete details of the BFR’s design back in 2016 at a meeting of the International Astronautical Congress. He then presented an updated design at another IAC meeting the following year, which called for a scaled-down version of the vehicle. Now, it seems that the details of the BFR have changed once again, or at least the BFS portion has transformed somewhat.

The last design iteration of the BFS called for six engines on the ship: two smaller engines that operate best at atmospheric pressures at sea level and four larger ones that operate efficiently in the vacuum of space. However, the new BFS design has seven large Raptor engines instead of the staggered six. There’s also room for cargo on the bottom of the rocket too. Additionally, the new design calls for a third fin at the bottom of the spaceship, instead of the two that were seen in past renderings of the vehicle. Musk said this change is because the spaceship’s three landing legs will extend from the tips of the fins.

SpaceX is currently developing the BFR at the Port of Los Angeles, near the company’s headquarters in Hawthorne, California. The company has shown off a few tests done on key components of the rocket, such as pressure tests on the vehicle’s massive propellant tanks and ignition tests of sub-scale Raptor engines. At today’s event, Musk showed additional photos of completed portions of the vehicle’s cylindrical booster.

Musk said they’ll do numerous test launches of BFR without people on board first. SpaceX president Gwynne Shotwell believes that the company will be doing short hops of the BFS in late 2019. Those will entail launching the vehicle to a certain altitude and then attempting to land it gently back on Earth. It’s similar to the Grasshopper flights that SpaceX did in 2012 to test out the reusable architecture needed for the Falcon 9. Ultimately, Musk believes the BFR could make its first flight to Mars in 2022, with people flying to the Red Planet as early as 2024. It’s an aspirational goal, given that SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy took nearly twice as long to complete than expected.

SpaceX is contributing less than 5 percent of the company’s overall resources to the project right now. He also maintains that SpaceX should be able to fund the BFR by sending astronauts and cargo to and from the International Space Station, as well as launching satellites for the Defense Department and commercial customers. SpaceX’s upcoming Starlink satellite internet constellation could help out as well.

The BFR’s dimensions and presumed capabilities are impressive – so much so that quite a few people in the aerospace industry are puzzled by how it will be done. They also wonder if it can be built successfully by a private company on a budget of about $2-10 billion. That’s Musk’s latest estimate for how much the development of BFR will cost; the sum is actually a relative pittance compared to what NASA is paying for its new (and not reusable) Space Launch System.

 

 

SOURCE – businessinsider

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